Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Population by nationality (Kuwait/ non-Kuwaiti), sex and age group (Kuwait, December 2014)

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Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis   TOTAL
 
Age group males females total males females total males females total
0-4 84,390 81,407 165,797 81,280 77,584 158,864 165,670 158,991 324,661
5-9 82,042 79,249 161,291 72,692 69,715 142,407 154,734 148,964 303,698
10-14 71,173 68,988 140,161 53,375 49,462 102,837 124,548 118,450 242,998
15-19 67,422 64,478 131,900 44,768 41,411 86,179 112,190 105,889 218,079
20-24 59,963 58,129 118,092 101,939 59,942 161,881 161,902 118,071 279,973
25-29 52,337 52,902 105,239 267,773 145,962 413,735 320,110 198,864 518,974
30-34 44,093 46,669 90,762 312,143 144,454 456,597 356,236 191,123 547,359
35-39 36,767 40,777 77,544 285,555 125,007 410,562 322,322 165,784 488,106
40-44 31,893 36,261 68,154 225,906 94,531 320,437 257,799 130,792 388,591
45-49 27,600 31,970 59,570 174,267 68,412 242,679 201,867 100,382 302,249
50-54 21,797 25,917 47,714 110,203 39,130 149,333 132,000 65,047 197,047
55-59 15,617 21,021 36,638 68,938 21,168 90,106 84,555 42,189 126,744
60-64 11,267 15,564 26,831 33,671 11,652 45,323 44,938 27,216 72,154
>64 19,895 26,269 46,164 22,769 12,427 35,196 42,664 38,696 81,360
Total 626,256 649,601 1,275,857 1,855,279 960,857 2,816,136 2,481,535 1,610,458 4,091,993

Source: PACI

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.
Since 1995 a marked discrepancy was witnessed between PACI’ and CSO’ population figures. PACI’ database is connected electronically with other administrations and bodies registering demographic events and professional/ residency issues (births and death; departures and arrivals; end of service, residency and ID deliveries, etc.).
PACI’s records of residents’ movements is thus regularly updated, which limits the risk of population overcount. Therefore, it is more likely that residents were undercounted during CSO- Ministry of Planning’s census operations (see: Shah, N. Population of Kuwait. Structure and Dynamics, Kuwait: Kuwait University Academic Publication Council, 2010, chapter 1).

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).
(The children of Kuwaiti mothers and non-Kuwaiti fathers (with specific nationality) inherit the father’s nationality. They are stateless if the father is stateless).

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language, geographic origin, etc. or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December 2014

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability

The statistics section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic)) provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: March 2015

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