Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Population by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwait), place of birth (in Kuwait/ outside Kuwait) and age group (December 2014)

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Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis
Born in Kuwait Born out of Kuwait Total Born in Kuwait Born out of Kuwait Total
0-4 161,835 3,962 165,797 123,063 35,801 158,864
5-9 156,802 4,489 161,291 91,504 50,903 142,407
10-14 135,002 5,159 140,161 56,626 46,211 102,837
15-19 126,629 5,271 131,900 51,634 34,545 86,179
20-24 108,057 10,035 118,092 35,031 126,850 161,881
25-29 101,814 3,425 105,239 42,944 370,791 413,735
30-34 86,857 3,905 90,762 36,399 420,198 456,597
35-39 73,570 3,974 77,544 25,590 384,972 410,562
40-44 64,389 3,765 68,154 17,517 302,920 320,437
45-49 56,008 3,562 59,570 13,287 229,392 242,679
50-54 44,649 3,065 47,714 6,906 142,427 149,333
55-59 33,378 3,260 36,638 2,934 87,172 90,106
60-64 23,798 3,033 26,831 1,586 43,737 45,323
>64 40,713 5,451 46,164 1,802 33,394 35,196
Total 1,213,501 62,356 1,275,857 506,823 2,309,313 2,816,136

Source: PACI


1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.
Since 1995 a marked discrepancy was witnessed between PACI’ and CSO’ population figures. PACI’ database is connected electronically with other administrations and bodies registering demographic events and professional/ residency issues (births and death; departures and arrivals; end of service, residency and ID deliveries, etc.).
PACI’s records of residents’ movements is thus regularly updated, which limits the risk of population overcount. Therefore, it is more likely that residents were undercounted during CSO- Ministry of Planning’s census operations (see: Shah, N. Population of Kuwait. Structure and Dynamics, Kuwait: Kuwait University Academic Publication Council, 2010, chapter 1).

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).
(The children of Kuwaiti mothers and non-Kuwaiti fathers (with specific nationality) inherit the father’s nationality. They are stateless if the father is stateless).

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language, geographic origin, etc. or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December 2014

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability

The statistics section of PACI’s website ( (English); (Arabic)) provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: April 2015

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