Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Qatar: Population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and relation to labour force (2016)

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Nationality In the labour force Outside the labour force Grand Total
Employed Unemployed Total in labour force Housewife Student Disabled  Retired  Other Total 
Seeking work for 1st time   Unpd. with previous employment 
Qatari Males 65,023 84 28 65,135 0 17,532 1,008 10,492 857 29,889 95,024
Females 36,394 252 0 36,646 28,500 24,201 1,933 5,937 2,045 62,616 99,262
Total 101,417 336 28 101,781 28,500 41,733 2,941 16,429 2,902 92,505 194,286
Non-Qatari Males 1,716,529 808 130 1,717,467 0 30,664 1,796 0 3,325 35,785 1,753,252
Females 234,467 1,528 116 236,111 91,445 26,801 1,472 0 4,028 123,746 359,857
Total 1,950,996 2,336 246 1,953,578 91,445 57,465 3,268 0 7,353 159,531 2,113,109
Total Males 1,781,552 892 158 1,782,602 0 48,196 2,804 10,492 4,182 65,674 1,848,276
Females 270,861 1,780 116 272,757 119,945 51,002 3,405 5,937 6,073 186,362 459,119
Total 2,052,413 2,672 274 2,055,359 119,945 99,198 6,209 16,429 10,255 252,036 2,307,395

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labor Force Sample survey 2016
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2016 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2016: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 60,016 persons, in 9,199 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed. 
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

Outside the labour force (=economically inactive):
Full-time student: The person (15 years or older) enrolled in any educational institution as a full-time persistent student with purpose of attaining an academic degree, irrespective of whether the schooling hours are in the morning or evening. Any trainee enrolled in vocational training institutes is regarded as a full-time student.
Full-time housewife: The female (15 years or older) who is fully engaged in home management and family care, and does not practice any other work
Retired: The person who does not look for a job during the week preceding the survey and gets a fixed pension for work he/she had joined before
Disabled: The person (15 years or older) who is not capable of work due to illness, handicap or old age.
Others: Those able to work but not willing to, not enrolled in education, as well as any other cases encountered by the enumerator other than the above mentioned.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics

3. Data availability 

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. Starting from 2006, the execution of these surveys came to be on annual basis, and on a quarterly basis since 2013.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:

Last date of access: May 2018.

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