Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Qatar: Population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and relation to labour force (2018)

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Nationality In the labour force Outside the labour force Grand Total
Employed Unemployed Total in labour force Housewife Student Disabled  Retired  Other Total 
Seeking work for 1st time   Unpd. with previous employment 
Qatari Males 67,610 56 42 67,708 0 18,824 1,080 10,773 1,036 31,713 99,421
Females 38,428 126 0 38,554 29,054 25,918 1,960 6,111 2,199 65,242 103,796
Total 106,038 182 42 106,262 29,054 44,742 3,040 16,884 3,235 96,955 203,217
Non-Qatari Males 1,742,169 716 111 1,742,996 0 38,700 1,263 0 3,213 43,176 1,786,172
Females 246,159 1,002 128 247,289 100,941 30,267 1,634 0 4,954 137,796 385,085
Total 1,988,328 1,718 239 1,990,285 100,941 68,967 2,897 0 8,167 180,972 2,171,257
Total Males 1,809,779 772 153 1,810,704 0 57,524 2,343 10,773 4,249 74,889 1,885,593
Females 284,587 1,128 128 285,843 129,995 56,185 3,594 6,111 7,153 203,038 488,881
Total 2,094,366 1,900 281 2,096,547 129,995 113,709 5,937 16,884 11,402 277,927 2,374,474

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labor Force Sample survey 2018
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2018 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2018: Census of Population, Housing, and Establishments 2015.
Sample size: 60,238 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: data was collected monthly.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living in boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed. 
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

Outside the labour force (=economically inactive):
Full-time student: The person (15 years or older) enrolled in any educational institution as a full-time persistent student with purpose of attaining an academic degree, irrespective of whether the schooling hours are in the morning or evening. Any trainee enrolled in vocational training institutes is regarded as a full-time student.
Full-time housewife: The female (15 years or older) who is fully engaged in home management and family care, and does not practice any other work
Retired: The person who does not look for a job during the week preceding the survey and gets a fixed pension for work he/she had joined before
Disabled: The person (15 years or older) who is not capable of work due to illness, handicap or old age.
Others: Those able to work but not willing to, not enrolled in education, as well as any other cases encountered by the enumerator other than the above mentioned.

2. Institution which provides data

Planning and Statistics Authority

3. Data availability 

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. Starting from 2006, the execution of these surveys came to be on annual basis, and on a quarterly basis since 2013.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
Labour Force 2018:
Statistical analysis of LFS 2018:

Last date of access: October 2019.

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