Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Qatar: Population by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari) at dates/ years of census (1970-2015)

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Census Qataris Non-Qataris Total
1970 45,039 66,094 111,133
1986 99,754 273,638 373,392
1997 151,673 384,801 536,474
2004 192,586 605,475 798,061
2010 243,073 1,456,362 1,699,435
mid-2015 306,948 2,142,560 2,449,508

Source: GLMM calculations on the basis of QSA/ MDPS data
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Reference periods for each census:
1970: unknown; the nights of March 16th, 1986; March 1st, 1997; March 16th, 2004, April 21st, 2010 and April 20th, 2015.
Implementation method:  de facto, as well as de jure methods.
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals), present within the country’s
borders during night of reference.
– Populations away from usual residence in Qatar for reasons of duty,
or on a visit abroad for less than two months, as well as individuals with no personal housing within Qatar staying
with a household for more than two months, are counted in their usual/ present residence during census night.
– Populations in transit or visiting Qatar as tourists, as well as residents of public housing or visitors staying in a household
for less than two months after night of reference were excluded.

Prior to census 2010, only a sample of foreign residents was covered in censuses.

2015: No population data disagregated by nationality was published, based on census results.
We estimated the total population of Qatar by nationality and sex, using:
1. 2015 Labour Force Survey (Q2): Figures of population aged 15 and above, by nationality (period of reference: mid-2015) 
Sampling frame of LFS 2015: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 44,756 persons, in 6,953  households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) and collective households;
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey,
living in normal and collective households.

2.  MDPS. Women and Men in the State of Qatar- A Statistical Profile, Doha: MDPS, 2016.  
Figures of population aged 0-14 by nationality (national/ non-national) and sex (period of reference: mid-2015). 
The figures were estimated on the basis of the percentage distribution of population by broad age groups,
sex and nationality for mid-2015 (Table 1/3, p. 18).

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS)

3. Data availability 

Released parts of censuses (1986; 1997; 2004; 2010, 2015), as well as some analytical volumes,
are available on the website of the MDPS, in PDF format.

Labour Force Survey Q2-2015 :

MDPS. Women and Men in the State of Qatar- A Statistical Profile, Doha: MDPS, 2016.

Last date of access: December 2017.

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