Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Saudi Arabia: Employed population (aged 15 and over) by nationality (Saudi / Non-Saudi), sex and main occupation group (August 2016)

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Saudis     Non-Saudis      Total  
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Lawmakers, Directors and Business Managers 206,898 21,717 228,615 83,939 1,896 85,835 290,837 23,613 314,450
Specialists in Professional, Technical and Humanitarian Fields 374,560 160,068 534,628 725,504 45,043 770,547 1,100,064 205,111 1,305,175
Technicians in Professional, Technical and Humanitarian Fields 528,397 377,107 905,504 333,320 47,088 380,408 861,717 424,195 1,285,912
Clerical occupations 701,615 182,680 884,295 164,117 9,152 173,269 865,732 191,832 1,057,564
Sales 279,258 32,320 311,578 1,021,566 6,261 1,027,827 1,300,824 38,581 1,339,405
Services 1,619,708 51,611 1,671,319 1,337,377 527,691 1,865,068 2,957,085 579,302 3,536,387
Agriculture, Animal Husbandry & Fishing 216,761 2,820 219,581 259,498 0 259,498 476,259 2,820 479,079
Industrial , Chemical Operations and Food Industries  68,809 7,403 76,212 252,739 7,732 260,471 321,548 15,135 336,683
Supporting Basic Engineering  189,847 0 189,847 2,530,502 1,695 2,532,197 2,720,349 1,695 2,722,044
Total 4,185,853 835,726 5,021,579 6,708,562 646,558 7,355,120 10,894,415 1,482,284 12,376,699

source: GLMM calculations, based on the published results of Labour Force Survey 2016 (Q3).

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Sampling frame of LFS 2016 Q3: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 33,325 households
Reference period: August 2016
Population of reference: All the members of the households selected in the sample, including domestic helpers and the like who
live in one house; Saudi and non-Saudi population,”
living in the Kingdom at the time of the survey.

Employed population: People (15+ years old) who did one of the following jobs during the reference period:
1. People who have been working for at least one hour for a salary or a wage (in cash or in kind)
2. People who provided unpaid assistance for others for at least one hour in any type of business or farm owned by one member of the household;
3. People who have been working for at least one hour for others without a wage or a profit (in cash or in kind) as volunteers;
4. People who were temporarily absent from work throughout the week on leave for illness or for any other reason but they were scheduled to resume work.
Workers include the students, job seekers, retirees, housewives, etc., who worked during the week preceding the visit for at least one hour, provided that this does not include household work.
Reference period for employment: The seven days preceding the interview date.

Classification used for occupations is adapted from ISCO 1988.

2. Institution which provides data

General Authority for Statistics (GAStat)

3. Data availability

Surveys conducted since 1999 are available on the website of GAStat, in Excel and PDF formats.
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/814

Last date of access: July 2017.

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