Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Saudi Arabia: Working age population (aged 15 and above) by nationality (Saudi/non-Saudi), activity status and education level (Jan. 2014)

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In the labour force Out of the labour force Total
Saudis non-Saudis Total Saudis non-Saudis Total Saudis non-Saudis Total
Illiterate 54,475 150,551 205,026 714,228 96,612 810,840 768,703 247,163 1,015,866
Read & Write 145,211 837,430 982,641 735,891 174,404 910,295 881,102 1,011,834 1,892,936
Primary 373,361 1,059,200 1,432,561 1,143,090 201,015 1,344,105 1,516,451 1,260,215 2,776,666
Intermediate 634,769 1,372,420 2,007,189 2,185,733 537,214 2,722,947 2,820,502 1,909,634 4,730,136
Secondary or Equivalent 1,938,530 1,016,008 2,954,538 2,651,554 533,039 3,184,593 4,590,084 1,549,047 6,139,131
Diploma 560,533 360,902 921,435 111,383 62,951 174,334 671,916 423,853 1,095,769
Bachelor Degree  1,730,023 1,068,191 2,798,214 391,688 299,393 691,081 2,121,711 1,367,584 3,489,295
Higher Diploma / Master Degree 77,294 92,882 170,176 12,952 15,907 28,859 90,246 108,789 199,035
Doctorate 31,565 97,079 128,644 5,257 4,590 9,847 36,822 101,669 138,491
Total 5,545,761 6,054,663 11,600,424 7,951,776 1,925,125 9,876,901 13,497,537 7,979,788 21,477,325

source: Labour Force Survey 2014 (Round 1).
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Sampling frame of LFS 2014 Round 1: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 33500 households
Reference period: January 2014.
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals) residing in the Kingdom during the period of reference.
The ultimate sampling unit is the household.

(a) Person in the labour force: a person aged 15 years and over, employed or unemployed.

(b) Person out of the labour force: A person aged 15 years and over who is not included in the labour force, among which: the persons staying home for domestic activities,
the students, the retired, the self sufficients, the ones unable to enrol in labour, who are not working and do not look for employment for any other reason.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), Ministry and Economy and Planning

3. Data availability

Surveys conducted since 1999 are available on the website of the CDSI (http://www.cdsi.gov.sa/), in PDF format. Tables are also sometimes available in Excel format.
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/814 (website English version)
https://www.stats.gov.sa/ar/814
The technical notes and tables of contents are displayed in the PDF version, in Arabic only. The tables are in both languages.
Since 2007, Statistical Yearbooks have introduced a section on “Labour Statistics”, which presents a selection of tables from Manpower Surveys.
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/46

Date of access: October 2014.

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