Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Saudi Arabia: Working age population (aged 15 and above) by nationality (Saudi/non-Saudi) and education level (Jan. 2014)

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Saudis non-Saudis Total
Illiterate 768,703 247,163 1,015,866
Read & Write 881,102 1,011,834 1,892,936
Primary 1,516,451 1,260,215 2,776,666
Intermediate 2,820,502 1,909,634 4,730,136
Secondary or Equivalent 4,590,084 1,549,047 6,139,131
Diploma 671,916 423,853 1,095,769
Bachelor Degree  2,121,711 1,367,584 3,489,295
Higher Diploma / Master Degree 90,246 108,789 199,035
Doctorate 36,822 101,669 138,491
Total 13,497,537 7,979,788 21,477,325

source: Labour Force Survey 2014 (Round 1).

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Sampling frame of LFS 2014 Round 1: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 33500 households
Reference period: January 2014.
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals) residing in the Kingdom during the period of reference.
The ultimate sampling unit is the household.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), Ministry and Economy and Planning

3. Data availability

Surveys conducted since 1999 are available on the website of the CDSI (, in PDF format. Tables are also sometimes available in Excel format. (website English version)
The technical notes and tables of contents are displayed in the PDF version, in Arabic only. The tables are in both languages.
Since 2007, Statistical Yearbooks have introduced a section on “Labour Statistics”, which presents a selection of tables from Manpower Surveys.

Date of access: October 2014.

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