Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

UAE: Population by nationality (Emirati/ Non-Emirati) and Emirate (1995)

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Emirate Nationals   Non-nationals Total
Abu Dhabi 222,627 719,836 942,463
Dubai 107,741 581,679 689,420
Al Sharjah 106,921 295,871 402,792
Ajman 28,832 92,659 121,491
Umm Al – Quwain 13,032 22,329 35,361
Ras Al Khaima 67,376 75,958 143,334
Al Fujairah 40,801 35,379 76,180
Grand Total 587,330 1,823,711 2,411,041

NBS, Ministry of Economy.


1. Characteristics of data, definitions and population counting operations in the UAE

The first population census was conducted in 1968 by the Council of Developing Trucial States.
After Independence in 1971, a population census of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi was conducted that same year.
The first general population and establishments census in the UAE was conducted in 1975. It was the first census in the region following scientific standards and international recommendations. The other federal censuses were conducted in 1980, 1985, 1995 and 2005.
Reference day for 1975, 1980, 1985, 1995′ censuses: unknown
Reference day for 2005′ census: 6 December 2005
Implementation method: the census was carried out according to de jure methodology, i.e. counting persons using their usual place of residence
Population of reference: Emirati nationals usually residing in the country+all foreign residents holding a valid residence permit+resident GCC nationals (nationals of other GCC states don’t need a permit to stay in the UAE)

2010′ federal census was eventually cancelled but the Emirates Identity Authority (EIDA), an independent federal authority established in 2004, is currently in charge of recording all UAE residents, national and expatriates in order to set up a Population Register and an ID card program. The process is stil ongoing.

2. Institution which provides data

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)

3. Data availability

Population statistics are available on NBS’s website:

Data are classified by subject and statistical publications are available on PDF or Excel format. Population data disagregated by nationality (Emirati/ non-Emirati) are scarce.
2005′ census data is available at:
The present data is taken from:

Date of access: November 2014.

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