Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Working age population by nationality (Saudi/non-Saudi), sex and activity status (2013)

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Activity status     In the Labour Force             Out of the Labour Force        Total     
  Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
Saudis 4,042,461 1,038,638 5,081,099 1,976,527 4,880,670 6,857,197 6,018,988 5,919,308 11,938,296
Non-Saudis 5,226,875 648,097 5,874,972 294,779 1,282,002 1,576,781 5,521,654 1,930,099 7,451,753
Total 9,269,336 1,686,735 10,956,071 2,271,306 6,162,672 8,433,978 11,540,642 7,849,407 19,390,049

source: Labour Force Survey 2013 (Round 1)




1. Technical Notes and Definitions


Sampling frame of LFS 2013 Round 1: Population Census 2010.

Sample size: 33500 households

Reference period: January 13th-February 5th, 2013

Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals) residing in the Kingdom during the period of reference.

The ultimate sampling unit is the household.


(a) Working age population: the population aged 15 to 60 (retirement age for Saudis), even though (as of mid-2013) there is no maximum working age on foreign nationals.


(b) Person in the labour force: a person aged 15 years and over, employed or unemployed. Here, concerned population is aged 15 to 60 years.


(c) Person out of the labour force: A person aged 15 years and over who is not included in the labour force, among which: the persons staying home for domestics activities, the students, the retired, the self sufficients, the ones unable to enrol in labour, who are not working and do not look for employment for any other reason. Here, concerned population is aged 15 to 60 years.


2. Institution which provides data


Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), Ministry and Economy and Planning


3. Data availability


Surveys conducted since 1999 are available on the website of the CDSI, in published form in PDF format. A selection of tables is also available in PDF or Excel format.

The technical notes and tables of contents are in Arabic and the tables are in both languages.

Date of access: September 2013.

Since 2007, Statistical Yearbooks have introduced a section on “Labour Statistics”, which presents a selection of tables from Manpower Surveys.

Date of access: May 2013.


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