Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Working age population by sex and nationality (Saudi/non-Saudi) (1992; 2004)

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    Saudis     Non-Saudis     TOTAL  
  Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
1992 2.788.342 2.838.766 5.627.108 2.709.590 850.759 3.560.349 5.497.932 3.689.525 9.187.457
2004 4.589.436 4.503.215 9.092.651 3.587.863 1.263.314 4.851.177 8.177.299 5.766.529 13.943.828

Source: national censuses, given years




1. Technical Notes and Definitions


Reference periods for each census: the nights of October 13th, 1992; September 15th, 2004; April 27th, 2010.

Implementation method: the Censuses are carried out according to de facto methodology, i.e. counting persons where they are during time of reference, be they usual residents of the place or temporary residents.

Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals) present within the Kingdom’s borders during time of reference, be they permanent or temporary residents.

The census also includes: Saudi diplomats posted abroad (their details are provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and Saudis temporarily out of the Kingdom for reasons such as treatment, business, tourism, studies…, counted with their family members residing in the Kingdom.


The working age population is defined as the population aged 15 to 60 (retirement age for Saudis), even though (as of mid-2013) there is no maximum working age on foreign nationals.


2. Institution which provides data


Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), Ministry and Economy and Planning


3. Data availability


As of May 31st, 2013, only preliminary results of 2010′ census have been published online.

Parts of censuses conducted in 1992 and 2004 are available on the website of the CDSI (, in published form in PDF format. (English) (Arabic)

For 1992 all published data is broken down by nationality (Saudi/non-Saudi). For 2004, only the data on sex and on administrative regions and sub-regions of residence is broken down by nationality (Saudi/ Non-Saudi).

Date of access: May 2013.


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